Venona documents unmistakably identified Julius Rosenberg as the head of a Soviet spy ring and David Greenglass, his brother-in-law, as a Soviet source at. VENONA. The U.S. Army’s Signal Intelligence Service, the precursor to the National Security Agency, began a secret program in February later. 14 Apr In the s, the NSA had a top-secret program called Venona which . The Venona documents indicate that there were perhaps a dozen.

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The deciphered Venona cables do more than reveal the remarkable success that the Soviet Union venoona in recruiting spies and gaining access to many important U.

Venona project

The communist penetration contributed to the decline of American unions. This message traffic, which was encrypted with a one-time pad system, was stored and analyzed in relative secrecy by hundreds of cryptanalysts over a year period starting in the early s. Another critique of the Venona translations came from the late Rutgers University law professor Vemona Lowenthal, who as a law student worked as a volunteer for Alger Hiss’s defense team, and later wrote extensively on the Hiss case.

By the mids, following the trials and convictions for espionage-related crimes of Papeers Hiss, a senior diplomat, and Julius and Ethel Rosenberg for atomic spying, there was a venlna public consensus on three points: Generating the one-time pads was a slow and labor-intensive process, and the outbreak of war with Germany in June caused a sudden increase in the need for coded messages.

Mironov and several others were all recalled to Moscow and an investigation found this to be untrue.

Alger Hiss and Harry Paperrs White. In the late s and s, Stalin directed most of the resources of Soviet intelligence at nearby targets in Europe and Asia. The Venona evidence indicates unidentified sources code-named “Quantum” and “Pers” who facilitated transfer of nuclear weapons technology to the Soviet Union from positions within the Manhattan Project.

Lewis, the president of the coal miners union and a literally violent foe of communists in his own rank and file, resisted loyalty oaths because he understood that they would lead to a kind of political regularity that would curb the labor movement’s ability to challenge its business adversaries. The charge could not be effectively refuted because nobody knew who the hell a communist was. Venona has added information—some unequivocal, some ambiguous—to several espionage cases.

Early Soviet possession of the atomic bomb had an important psychological consequence. The identification of individuals mentioned in Venona transcripts is sometimes problematic, since people with a “covert relationship” with Soviet intelligence are referenced by cryptonyms. The deciphered cables of the Venona Project identify citizens, immigrants, and permanent residents of the United States paoers had had a covert relationship with Soviet intelligence agencies see appendix A.


It is also unlikely, had the messages been made public or even circulated more widely within the paapers than they did, that Ethel Rosenberg would have been executed. The disaster brought on by the end of the American atomic monopoly was not lost on the more perspicacious thinkers of the time. American authorities learned that since the United States had venina the target of a Soviet espionage onslaught involving dozens of professional Soviet intelligence paperd and vebona of Americans, many of whom were members of the American Communist party CPUSA.

Army Chief of Staff Omar Bradleypapere about the White House’s history of leaking sensitive information, decided papere deny President Truman direct knowledge of the project. Venon from the original on July 10, Some known spies, including Theodore Hallwere neither prosecuted nor publicly implicated, because the Venona evidence against them was withheld.

Americans worried that a Communist fifth column, more loyal to the Soviet Union than to the United States, had moved into their institutions. No messages sent after could be broken because the code breakers had been betrayed by Russian linguist William Weisband, who worked with American code breakers at Arlington Hall outside Washington, D.

The president received the substance of the material only through FBI, Justice Department, and CIA reports on counterintelligence and intelligence matters. So, too, the wartime intelligence and security apparatus was demobilized. The collapse of the Union of Paperz Socialist Republics in led to the opening of Soviet archives that had never been examined by independent scholars. Trumanthese programs were of importance concerning crucial events of the early Cold War.

Now comes more from vaults of the National Security Agency. In addition to Fuchs and Greenglass, however, the Venona messages identify three other Soviet sources within the Manhattan Project. Once a year these people would hold huge Captive Nation Day rallies in cities across the country, which Democratic politicians of taste and sensibility avoided. Papefs from the original PDF on When Julius Rosenberg faced trial, only two Soviet atomic spies were known: Venona and other recent information has shown, while the content of Julius’ atomic espionage was not as vital to the Soviets as alleged at the time of his espionage activities, in other fields it was extensive.

American code-breakers discovered that the Soviet Union was using a complex two-part ciphering system involving a “one-time pad” code that in theory was unbreakable. By Nicholas von Hoffman. Navasky claims the Venona material is being used to “distort … our understanding of the cold war” and that the files are potential “time bombs of misinformation.


By the end of the s, the demonization of the anti-communists had gained currency, and not just on the far left. Fakir was himself being considered papwrs an assignment representing the United States in Moscow. What of Source No. His betrayal assisted the Soviet Union in quickly overcoming the American technological lead in the development of jets.


It is now clear that the Truman administration wasn’t looking very hard.

There is no “H” in the Cyrilic alphabet, so in Russian the letter is addressed to “Mr. From the Venona translations, both were known to pass intelligence to their handlers, notably the Silvermaster network.

A second mission of these Soviet intelligence officers, however, was espionage against the United States, the size and paeprs of which is the principal subject of this book. The killing and maiming of hundreds of thousands of soldiers and civilians on both sides of the war in Korea might have been averted had the Soviets not been able to parry the American atomic threat. Many inside the NSA had argued internally that the time had come to publicly release the details of the Venona project, but it was not until that the bipartisan Commission on Government Secrecywith Senator Moynihan as chairman, released Venona project materials.

By the late s the evidence provided by Venona of the massive size and intense hostility of Soviet intelligence operations caused both American counterintelligence professionals and high-level policy-makers to conclude that Stalin had already launched a covert attack on the United States. As yet unexplored is the possibility that certain features in the political culture of the American left are hand-me-downs from this period.

The identity of Soviet source cryptonymed paperz remains unclear.

NOVA Online | Secrets, Lies, and Atomic Spies | Read Venona Intercepts

The messages show that Theodore Hall, a venoba physicist at Los Alamos, was a far more valuable source than Greenglass, a machinist.

Rosenberg would assuredly have been convicted, but his penalty might well have been life in prison rather than execution. And how about Dodger, Godmother, and Fakir? With Greenglass’s role diminished, that of his recruiter, Julius Rosenberg, would have been reduced as well.

The Schneirs conclude that “A reader faced with Venona’s incomplete, disjointed evnona can easily arrive at a badly skewed impression. The first fact is that a significant Communist conspiracy was in place in Washington, New York, and Los Angeles, but in the main those involved systematically denied their involvement.

Similarly, in many textbooks President Venonz executive order denying government employment ;apers those who posed security risks, and other laws aimed at espionage and Communist subversion, were and still are described not as having been motivated by a real concern for American security since the existence of any serious espionage or subversion was denied but instead as consciously anti-democratic attacks on basic freedoms.