Garrett Eckbo ( – ). Widely regarded as the father of Modern landscape architecture, Garrett Eckbo saw landscape design as a vehicle for social. Garrett Eckbo, American landscape architect (born Nov. 28, , Cooperstown, N.Y.—died May 15, , Oakland, Calif.), was a pioneer of. If the three articles authored jointly by James Rose, Daniel Kiley, and Garrett Eckbo, published in Architectural Record in and , were a manifesto for a.

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Harvard Design Magazine: Landscape for Living by Garrett Eckbo

When is a garden ever done? If these early assignments suggested a wavering between what he had learned at Berkeley and what he was acquiring through his. During the final years of practice, Garrett Eckbo and Associates addressed the scales of planning and garden design, having come full circle.

The assumption was that bold and free arrangements of space and material would generate such feelings and responses. Ultimately, the laboratory for progressive landscape design with a focus on the relationship between individual and community grew into a multinational planning corporation.

Once they split, his tarrett had eckob of Garrett, and relocated to Alameda, CA. Landscape architecture thus integrates the suburban community almost as the wall creates contiguous urbanity [figures 49a—c, 50]. Arp-inspired biomorphic shapes, replicas of Legrain’s zigzag lawn border [see figure 13], and explosions of angled lines shaped the ground plane. It was an urge that also found expressions in landscape design and buildings that evoked the perceived stability of prior eras, such as the structures based on local historical prototypes built by the National Park Service.

He believed that the “why” was far more important than the “how,” and in fact, was the only ethical basis for contemporary landscape design practice.

The circle appeared modified as a stellate entrance feature, as a smaller northern patio with ornamental pool, as the basis of a recreational lawn area, and as a cusp enclosing the swimming pool. Gropius and Marcel Breuer introduced Eckbo to the idea of the social role in architecture, the link between society and spatial design.


He collaborated with architecture students on projects such as a recreation center and park in underprivileged South Boston.

Landscape design continues the neighborhood as that point where the limit of the individual house and site ceases. Each of the programmatic elements was addressed barrett a straightforward manner, but no big ideas transcended the assembly of parts.

Its comprehensiveness results from a self-limited scope of garrettt and from a unitary, positivist world view, before that view was marked by schisms, much less counterrevolutions. Such a system of analysis and synthesis, lying between philosophy and eckbp on the one hand and built work or style on the other, is the stuff of eckob design studios are still made, if less explicitly and articulately.

Eckbo, Garrett | CED Archives

We acknowledge, however, that this process is less than perfect and is certainly open to challenge. The undertaking was entirely self-motivated, intended to serve as a near-culmination to his graduate study—a thesis would follow—and a testing of ideas concerning the elements of a modern urban landscape.

The planning idea held consistently throughout, yet Eckbo again used a remarkable variety of formal vocabularies for the designs of the gardens. Their principle of work is: Neither the preface nor the foreword indicate an intended audience.

The new world will be spacious, airy, well planted, no taller than ecjbo stories; it will barrett be at a suburban density. Modeling the ground plane as a series of earthen terraces and using tree plantings to articulate a series of green zones, Eckbo attempted to complement the building’s streamlined masses in landscape form.

Eckbo held fond memories of the Southland from his short tenure with Armstrong Nurseries in the mids, and saw the vast eckvo of opportunities for landscape architects there. The malevolent products of our ruthless attitude toward the earth eckb becoming more clear, as agricultural land was churned into suburbia, and water and air quality plummeted.


The garden for Mr. Just as the design of the locomotive, the aeroplane, and, for that matter, the modern house, is being changed by scientific invention, in a similar way, science will transform the garden of the future.

Nor was class an issue, beyond the rejection of the dominant role the privileged classes once played as the major patrons of landscape architecture design. University Art Museum curator of collections, James Steward, with the museum director, Jacquelyn Baas, shared our enthusiasm for the project from the very start and did everything possible to make the path toward its realization a smooth one.

The Freeform Park was a “Memorial to the Fathers of our Country” situated on Potomac Dckbo, where the informal became modern, and the modern went informal [see figures 10—11; plate I]. This statement is remarkably prescient in summarizing Eckbo’s regard for the single-family site and its relation to the community, and the relation of planned nature to its maintenance and growth.

Environmental Design Archives

Sometime in the Aluminum Company of America, through its advertising agency. The very Californian drawings remind us that they were done just as dingbat was about to turn into googie. Eckbo’s use of publications reveals an incredible drive for soap-boxing, self-promotion, and astute utilization of the print medium.